McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Solution One contractor and likewise has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The team is the second earliest active, and 2nd most effective Solution One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Championships and 8 Constructors' Championships. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Additional American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their very first Solution One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Task 4 Racing; Dennis took control of as group principal and quickly after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take complete control of the team. This started the team's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Motorists' Championships and the team took 6 Contractors' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle during this duration, the two winning every fabricators' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually transferred to Williams, and the group went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more championships came in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to very long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until at least 2024. After at first returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing Extra resources was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to set up his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper automobiles.