What Is a Bail Bond?
A bail bond is an agreement by a felony defendant to look for trial or pay a sum of money set by the court. The bail bond is cosigned by a bail bondsman, who costs the defendant a fee in return for guaranteeing the payment. The bail bond is a sort of surety bond.
The industrial bail bond system exists solely within the United States and the Philippines. In other countries, bail may entail a set of restrictions and situations positioned on legal defendants in return for their release until their trial dates.
·A bail bond cosigned by a bail bondsmen is posted by a defendant in lieu of full fee of the bail set by the court docket.
·The bail bond serves as surety that the defendant will seem for trial.
·Judges typically have broad latitude in setting bail amounts.
·Bail bondsmen typically cost 10% of the bail amount up front in return for their service and will cost further fees. Some states have put a cap of 8% on the quantity charged.
·The bail system is extensively seen as discriminatory to low-income defendant and contributing to the mass-incarceration of young African-American males.
How a Bail Bond Works
An individual who is charged with a crime is often given a bail listening to earlier than a judge. The amount of the bail is on the decide's discretion. A decide may deny bail altogether or set it at an astronomical stage if the defendant is charged with a violent crime or seems more likely to be a flight risk.
Judges generally have vast latitude in setting bail quantities, and typical amounts vary by jurisdiction. A defendant charged with a nonviolent misdemeanor may see bail set at $500. Felony crime fees have correspondingly high bail, with $20,000 or more not unusual.
The business bail bond system exists only in the United States and the Philippines.
As soon as the quantity of the bail is set, the defendant's choices are to stay in jail until the charges are resolved at trial, to rearrange for a bail bond, or to pay the bail quantity in full until the case is resolved. In the final occasion, courts in some jurisdictions accept title to a house or different collateral of value in lieu of cash.
Bail bondsmen, additionally referred to as bail bond agents, present written agreements to legal courts to pay the bail in full if the defendants whose appearances they guarantee Bail Bonds in Los Angeles California fail to appear on their trial dates.
Bail bondsmen typically charge 10% of the bail amount up entrance in return for his or her service and may cost further fees. Some states have put a cap of 8% on the quantity charged.
The agent may additionally require a statement of creditworthiness or may demand that the defendant flip over collateral in the form of property or securities. Bail bondsmen typically accept most property of value, together with automobiles, jewelry, and homes as well as stocks and bonds.
As soon as the bail or bail bond is delivered, the defendant is launched until trial.
The Disadvantages of the Bail Bond System
The bail bond system has become a part of the larger debate over mass incarceration, especially of younger African-American men, in the U.S.
The bail bond system is taken into account by many even in the authorized career to be discriminatory, as it requires low-earnings defendants to remain in jail or scrape together a ten% cash fee and the remainder of the bail-in collateral—even before they stand trial for any crime. PrisonPolicy.org says that about 536,000 people are being held in jails within the U.S. because they can not afford bail or a bail bondsman's providers.
Four states together with Illinois, Kentucky, Oregon, and Wisconsin have outlawed bail bondsmen and as an alternative require a 10% deposit on the bail quantity to be lodged with the court. In 2018, California voted to eradicate money bail requirements from its court docket system.